Scotts edgeguard overseeding setting. I have a Scotts Edgeguard Mini (I'm sorry, I know they suck but it's what I've got). I'm trying to figure out what setting to use for my seed that says 8-10 per 1000 sqft. I'm going to halve the setting and go two directions but I'm unsure where to start it. I have 12k sqft so I'd like to do as little double walking as possible.

Below are the steps to follow to calibrate your spreader correctly: Check the square foot that your bag of fertilizer should cover. Then, divide 100 by that figure. After getting the answer, use that figure to multiply by the bag's weight. You'll get the amount needed to distribute your fertilizer over 100 square feet.

Scotts edgeguard overseeding setting. What setting should I set the edgeguard mini for grass seed? For drop spreaders, use a setting of 9 3/4 for overseeding and a bare lawn setting of 14. For the Easygreen shaker, Scotts recommends a setting of 27 when overseeding and one of 32 with two perpendicular passes when seeding a bare area.

I have a Scotts Edgeguard Mini (I'm sorry, I know they suck but it's what I've got). I'm trying to figure out what setting to use for my seed that says 8-10 per 1000 sqft. I'm going to halve the setting and go two directions but I'm unsure where to start it. I have 12k sqft so I'd like to do as little double walking as possible.

The Scotts Edgeguard Settings for Winterizer. Adding some winterize to your lawn helps it ...Scotts® Recommended Spreaders Setting Width of Coverage Scotts® Rotary Spreaders (EdgeGuard® DLX, EdgeGuard® Mini 3 5' Scotts® Elite Spreader 3 3/4 6' Scotts® Hand-Held Spreaders (manual models) 3 N/A Scotts® Wizz® Year-Round Spreader(battery-powered) 3 1/2 5' Application notes:

Scotts Drop Spreader. 6.0. 6.0. 6.0. 6.0. 6.0. 10.0. 6.0. Scotts Deluxe Edgeguard. 5.0. 5.0. 5.0. 5.0. 5.0. 11.5. 5.0. Scotts Even Green. 8.5. 8.5. 8.5. 8.5.Scotts exclusive EdgeGuard Technology keeps lawn product off landscaping, driveways, and sidewalks Features redesigned hopper and agitator for smoother product funneling and consistent coverage Holds up to 5,000 sq. ft. of Scotts lawn product, including grass seed and fertilizer - ideal for treating smaller areas $47.97 Buy on AmazonI have a Scotts Edgeguard Mini (I'm sorry, I know they suck but it's what I've got). I'm trying to figure out what setting to use for my seed that says 8-10 per 1000 sqft. ... bag of Jonathan green black beauty solar green mix i received a few weeks ago says for Scott’s rotary spreaders for overseeding use setting 7 and for seeding a new lawn ...Scotts Edgeguard Overseeding Setting caldupunksi1989. ... Scotts Edgeguard Settings A setting of 4½ is perfect for working with 3. If your spreader is not listed for the selected product, we have provided a generic setting chart for your convenience Turn orange rate dial to correct setting listed in the Spreader Setting …The Scotts Edgeguard Settings for Winterizer. Adding some winterize to your lawn helps it ...First, apply border strips along the edge of each end of the lawn. After this is done, apply product along the length of the lawn, overlapping slightly and shutting off the spreader before turning as you reach the edge of the border strips. The spreader settings given are approximate. Spreader condition, rate of walk, and humidity are just some ...If you are using the Sun and Shade mix for overseeding, the best setting is 8 ½. Furthermore, you can even use 9 ½ if your garden is comparatively larger. For new lawns, use 12 ½ or 12. ... , if you want to overseed Scotts Edgeguard Mini Spreader settings conversion chart suggests using 9 ½. However, depending on your lawn, you can tinker ...Overseeding a Thin Lawn. Overseeding is a great maintenance step that you can do 1 to 2 times per year. It will help thicken your lawn to crowd out weeds and give you a lush turf that holds up well to traffic and play. There are a few ways to overseed and you can pick the best one that suits your goals, time, and budget. 1. Time it right.Feb 22, 2023 · The Scotts Edgeguard has 14 setting levels for how much you want to disburse and exactly where you want to throw it. This prevents burning or overseeding your lawn. The best thing about it is, when you buy a Scotts product, whether that be fertilizer, seed, or pre emergent, it tells you exactly what setting to use on your broadcast spreader. Here are some of the best settings for spreading seeds via a Scotts Spreader. But before using this guide, we recommend that you use the manual of the Scotts Seed Spreader. …

Scotts Wizz Spreader is designed to help you applying granules a lot easier. This AA battery-operated, year-round spreader will provide a quick and effective solution when it comes to applying your seeds. It features a unique EdgeGuard and HandyLock technology that are exclusively from Scott's. Just fill the spreader with the desired granules ...I ended up walking around until my specific weight in lbs of seed was spread over my 6000k sq ft. Overseeding rates generally are 4 lbs for 1000 sq ft...but this varies on mfr recommendations and grass seed type. Tip you can calibrate your spreader. I cant do a great job of explaining it on here, but there are videos about it. cem367 • 3 yr. ago.Jun 25, 2023 · Final Words. The Scotts spreader setting chart simplifies the process of spreading fertilizers and seeds by telling you how you need to adjust your spreader settings to achieve the best results in different scenarios. It can help users confidently distribute the right amount of product across their lawns. Here are the top settings needed for using different models of the Scotts Turf Builder. But before using these figures, we suggest that you check the back label of your preferred chemical or seed. The Scotts Turf Builder Settings for Scotts Turf Builder Lawn Food – 3¾. The Scotts Turf Builder Settings for Scotts Scotts Turf Builder Thick’R ...

Scotts deluxe edgeguard manual Scotts deluxe edgeguard broadcast spreader manual. Scotts edgeguard spreader instructions. ... If you are using the Sun and Shade mix for overseeding, the best setting is 8 ½. Furthermore, you can even use 9 ½ if your garden is comparatively larger. For new lawns, use 12 ½ or 12. We are confident this is the ...

Jul 12, 2020 · For application using a pushed broadcast spreader, Scotts recommends a setting of 5 1/2 when overseeding and a bare-lawn setting of 8 1/4. With a handheld broadcast spreader, Scotts recommends a setting of 4 when overseeding or seeding a new lawn but suggests that the sower make two perpendicular passes for new areas.

Some fertilizer brands also include a Scotts EdgeGuard Mini Spreader settings chart on their application instruction page. To begin the application process, start pushing the spreader in front of you at a steady pace and pull the trigger under your right hand. Hold it down as you spread; when you release it, it stops the flow of fertilizer.Here’s a quick guide on how to use one: Take note of any special application information on the back of the bag, as well as the correct dial setting for what you’re spreading. Set the dial on the spreader and fill the hopper with product. Treat the perimeter of your lawn first, then steadily cover all areas of your yard going back and forth ...The Scotts Edgeguard has 14 setting levels for how much you want to disburse and exactly where you want to throw it. This prevents burning or overseeding your lawn. The best thing about it is, when you buy a Scotts product, whether that be fertilizer, seed, or pre emergent, it tells you exactly what setting to use on your broadcast spreader.Answer: The Taltar Xtra bag does not specifically list setting for the Scotts Speedy Green 3000, but it does list the Scotts SpeedyGreen 2000 and its spreader settings. If this is what you meant, or those two spreaders are compatible with settings, you can use setting 2 3/4 for putting out 1.15 lbs per 1000 sq/ft, 5 1/4 for 2.3lbs per 1000 …low setting and start walking your marked off area at a normal pace. You can adjust as you go and find the basic setting for you to apply the product over a 1000 square feet. Answer last updated on: 04/08/2014 For application using a pushed broadcast spreader, Scotts recommends a setting of 5 1/2 when overseeding and a bare-lawn setting of 8 1/4.

At first, set the setting at 3. Put 5 pounds of fertilizer and cross 1000 square feet. After finishing this round, if any fertilizer is left, then set the setting to 4 and finish it. Following these terms will help you accurately distribute fertilizer and prevent wasting seeds.Nov 15, 2022 · At first, set the setting at 3. Put 5 pounds of fertilizer and cross 1000 square feet. After finishing this round, if any fertilizer is left, then set the setting to 4 and finish it. Following these terms will help you accurately distribute fertilizer and prevent wasting seeds. How to Use Earthway Spreader Settings Chart. Use ‘Chart 1’ to evaluate the number of LBS/1000 square feet of coverage (Example: 10LBS bag with 5,000 square foot coverage = 2.0LBS/1000 square feet). Find the closest LBS/1000 square feet in ‘Chart 2’ that you’ve evaluated using chart 1.Sep 15, 2020 · For drop spreaders, go with a setting of 5 for overseeding and a bare-lawn setting of 6 3/4. If you use their drop spreader, Scotts recommends a setting of 8 1/2 for overseeding and 12 1/2 for a new lawn. For the Easygreen shaker, Scotts recommends a setting of 27 when overseeding and one of 32 with two perpendicular passes when seeding a bare ... by Chris Spreaders come in handy when applying fertilizers and grass seeds over your lawn. To distribute the right amount of fertilizer or grass seeds, starting with the appropriate …The weed control Prodiamine has a strict spreader setting and the applying amount is set, too. Go with 3 lbs for each 1000 sq. ft of your area and set the spreader to 5.5. 2. Dithiopyr. For applying Dithiopyr, Scotts EdgeGuard settings per 1000 sq. ft. is 5 and the weight of it will be 4 lbs. Spreading more than that can burn the crabgrass and ...May 19, 2015 · The most important thing is to keep records. Write down your actual spreader settings, the details of the material applied (annual rye grass seed, Scotts crabgrass preemergence 0-0-7, Scotts Southern Turf Weed and Feed 29-0-10, etc), the approximate speed that you walked and the turf conditions (wet grass, just cut, right before it rained etc). Nov 15, 2022 · At first, set the setting at 3. Put 5 pounds of fertilizer and cross 1000 square feet. After finishing this round, if any fertilizer is left, then set the setting to 4 and finish it. Following these terms will help you accurately distribute fertilizer and prevent wasting seeds. Garden & Lawn Garden Tools & Supplies Scotts Spreader Settings for Grass Seed By Rich Finzer A healthy lawn. Image Credit: Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images Founded in …Set your spreader to the proper rate. ... Scotts EdgeGuard DLX: 8; Scotts Edgeguard Mini: 8; 2. Apply uniformly to dry (non-wet) lawn. ... If you notice any unwanted patches or bare spots on your lawn you can easily correct this by overseeding In late fall or spring depending on the seed variety. When overseeding you will introduce new grass ...I have a Scotts Edgeguard Mini (I'm sorry, I know they suck but it's what I've got). I'm trying to figure out what setting to use for my seed that says 8-10 per 1000 sqft. I'm going to halve the setting and go two directions but I'm unsure where to start it. I have 12k sqft so I'd like to do as little double walking as possible. Here are some of the best settings for spreading seeds via a Scotts Spreader. But before using this guide, we recommend that you use the manual of the Scotts Seed Spreader. …Scotts rotary spreader can be set to a minimum of 29.5, all the way to 31.5. The conversion rate for the Scotts handy spreader is very similar to the basic spreader conversion chart. Sale Bestseller No. 1. Scotts Turf Builder EdgeGuard Mini Broadcast Spreader – Holds Up to 5,000 sq. ft. of Lawn Product, Green.Navigate to the product you will be using. Spreader settings can be found via the Download Label link under the "Specs & Details" section for that product. To Find Spreader Settings for Scotts® Lawn Food Products & Other Products: Spreader settings for Scotts® lawn food can be found on product packages and the product information pages.The easiest way to determine the correct setting for you needs is outlined below: If you need to use 3lbs of product per 1,000 sq ft you would add 3 lb of product to spreader, start with a medium setting, then apply product to a 20 x 50 ft area (1,000 sq ft). If you have product left, your setting is too low. If you run out of product, your ...I ended up walking around until my specific weight in lbs of seed was spread over my 6000k sq ft. Overseeding rates generally are 4 lbs for 1000 sq ft...but this varies on mfr recommendations and grass seed type. Tip you can calibrate your spreader. I cant do a great job of explaining it on here, but there are videos about it. cem367 • 3 yr. ago.As you apply this chemical, leave the setting at 3.25. d. Scotts Wizz Spreader Settings for Lawn Food. It is easy to feed your lawn while keeping it free from weeds. But if you want to enjoy the best results, pick a setting of 3.15. e. Scotts Wizz Spreader Settings for Scotts Turf Builder Lawn FoodThe Scotts® Wizz Spreader is the quick and easy option when it comes to spreading. The Wizz holds up to 2,500 sq. ft. of Scotts® lawn care products and features Scotts® exclusive EdgeGuard® and HandyLock™ Technology. Use it year round to feed, seed, weed, and melt! Handheld power spreader that can be used year-round - feed, seed, weed, melt.

Scotts Broadcast / Rotary Spreader - (Turf Builder Edgeguard Mini, Basic, Standard, Deluxe Edgeguard, Edgeguard DLX, Lawn Pro & Speedy Green) - Set to 3 ... Scotts Drop Spreaders - (AccuGreen, Classic Drop) …Step 1: Locate the Shutoff Bar and Release the Trigger Control. Step 2: Set the Micrometer Range. Step 3: Change the Settings According to the Product’s Need. Detailed Talk: Scotts Spreader Settings Conversion Chart. 1.Designed to ensure superior results when used with Scotts lawn food. Holds up to 5, 000 sq. Ft Of Scotts lawn product, including grass seed, fertilizer, salt and ice melt. Calibrated for your convenience. Simply attach the wheels, and it’s ready to use. $74.74.Setting Lbs sq foot Grams sq meter 11 1.0 5 13 2.0 10 14 3.0 15 16 4.0 20 17 5.0 25 18 6.0 30 19 7.0 35 20 8.0 40 22 9.0 45 23 10.0 50 that is 12” Before filling hopper, become familiar with the operation of Thank you for selecting EarthWay for your spreader needs. Our production team in Northern Indiana takes pride in building this spreader.Set your spreader to the proper rate. ... Scotts EdgeGuard DLX: 8; Scotts Edgeguard Mini: 8; 2. Apply uniformly to dry (non-wet) lawn. ... If you notice any unwanted patches or bare spots on your lawn you can easily correct this by overseeding In late fall or spring depending on the seed variety. When overseeding you will introduce new grass ...Here are the top settings needed for using different models of the Scotts Turf Builder. But before using these figures, we suggest that you check the back label of your preferred chemical or seed. The Scotts Turf Builder Settings for Scotts Turf Builder Lawn Food – 3¾. The Scotts Turf Builder Settings for Scotts Scotts Turf Builder Thick’R ...Scotts Edgeguard Spreader Settings Chart – Settings Lab. Write down ... With a handheld broadcast spreader, Scotts recommends a setting of 4 when overseeding ...

Scotts® lawn product of your choice. 2. Turn orange rate dial to correct setting listed in the Spreader Setting section on the back of each package of Scotts.Scotts edgeguard mini spreader settings for overseeding Scotts spreader settings for overseeding. Can i use a scotts spreader for grass seed. ... Again, if you want to overseed Scotts Edgeguard Mini Spreader settings conversion chart suggests using 9 ½. However, depending on your lawn, you can tinker with it and use 9 or 10. You can alsoOverseeding a Thin Lawn. Overseeding is a great maintenance step that you can do 1 to 2 times per year. It will help thicken your lawn to crowd out weeds and give you a lush turf that holds up well to traffic and play. There are a few ways to overseed and you can pick the best one that suits your goals, time, and budget. 1. Time it right. Scotts® Halts® Crabgrass & Grassy Weed Preventer prevents the germination of listed lawn weeds so you can enjoy your lawn. In early spring, apply when lawn is dry to prevent the germination of crabgrass, foxtail, spurge, barnyardgrass, fall panicum, goosegrass* and oxalis all season long (*for goosegrass control, repeat application in 8 weeks ...Apr 24, 2023 · Overseeding. Overseeding rejuvenates existing lawns by filling in sparse areas and improving the overall health and appearance of the grass. Use the Scotts Edgeguard Mini Spreader for overseeding, and consult the conversion chart for the correct settings. As a starting point, settings between 9 and 10 are suggested. The Scotts Edgeguard has 14 setting levels for how much you want to disburse and exactly where you want to throw it. This prevents burning or overseeding your lawn. The best thing about it is, when you buy a Scotts product, whether that be fertilizer, seed, or pre emergent, it tells you exactly what setting to use on your broadcast spreader.The right Scotts® broadcast spreader for you: For medium lawns (5,000 ft2 or less): Our smallest broadcast spreader, Scotts® Turf Builder® Edgeguard® Mini Broadcast Spreader has precision rate settings for accurate coverage, meaning less waste and clean-up. This spreader comes with Edgeguard® Technology* to help keep product away from non ...Headway G - 3lbs per 1k setting 3 (based on the spreader setting for 4.5 and the headway G is finer) Lesco Starter Fertilizer - 50# bag to cover by yard Spreader setting at 4.5 (based on previous applications and the Scotts fertilizer number) United Seed TTTF mix at 5# per 1k - Spreader setting 12 (based on the Scotts classic tall fescue blend).Scotts Spreaders. Basic, Turf Builder, EdgeGuard Mini, Standard, Deluxe EdgeGuard, Turf Builder EdgeGuard DLX, Lawn Pro & Speedy Green. Tuff Play Overseeding (4 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft.) – Setting 13 ... MGC Shady New Lawn Seeding (4 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft.) – Setting 20; MGC Sunny Overseeding (1.5 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft.) – Setting 14; MGC ...Overseeding Mow lawn at the lowest setting and bag the clippings. Rake to remove debris, dead grass, and loosen the soil, ensuring seed-to-soil contact. APPLY Use a Scotts® spreader to apply the seed at the recommended spreader setting. RAKE Lightly rake the seed into the soil to ensure seed is covered just beneath the soil surface.This lawn spreader comes pre-calibrated and ready-to-use, and holds up to 15,000 sq. ft. of Scotts® product. When EdgeGuard™ is engaged, it will block off the right-side of the spreader pattern to prevent product from spreading onto non-lawn areas. Using the Scotts® Turf Builder® EdgeGuard® DLX Broadcast Spreader is simple.May 29, 2023 · Step-by-Step: Setting Up the EdgeGuard Mini Spreader. Follow these step-by-step instructions to calibrate your EdgeGuard Mini Spreader effectively: 1. Measure the Area. Start by selecting a specified area in your yard or garden that you can easily measure. This area should be representative of the larger area you plan to cover with the spreader. Find the LESCO Calibration Gauge setting that is on the bag of LESCO® product 2. Find that setting on the attached conversion chart 3. Cross reference this setting over to your spreader EXAMPLE: Dimension .10% 19-0-6 has a LESCO® spreader setting of 15. Cross referencing it over to a Scott’s EdgeGuard DLX would be a spreader setting of 6 ...Cons. Bulky. If you have a large yard to feed then you’ll need a spreader that’s up to the task, and the Chapin Professional Turf Spreader has got the goods. Its large hopper can cover up to ...It can be used to seed a new lawn or overseed an existing lawn. For best results, apply in the spring or fall when daily average soil temperatures are consistently between 55°F and 70°F or air temperatures are between 60°F and 80°F. We recommend using a Scotts® spreader to apply this product (please refer to spreader settings on product ...Overseeding (25g per m2), From Scratch (40g per m2). Miracle-Gro Handy Spreader ... Scotts Evergreen Easy Spreader +, Setting 3, 1 pass, Setting 4, 1 pass ...Not exactly what you are looking for but here is a chart that converts the settings of various spreaders for a common type of fertilizer. You could use the dial settings from the Spyker chart above and determine the related DLX setting. Still, it is best to run a calibration yourself as these charts just gets the spreader in the ballpark.Not exactly what you are looking for but here is a chart that converts the settings of various spreaders for a common type of fertilizer. You could use the dial settings from the Spyker chart above and determine the related DLX setting. Still, it is best to run a calibration yourself as these charts just gets the spreader in the ballpark.

Grass Seed Spreader Settings for Tall Fecuse Grass Mix. There are several settings for using the Scotts Seed Spreaders with Tall Fecuse Grass Mix. For instance, the Scotts Broadcaster Setting stays at 7½ for overseeding while 18 is ideal for bare lawns. As for the drop spreaders, they can stay at 9½ (overseeding) and 18 ( bare lawns).

Main office hours: 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST, Monday – Friday. Phone: 1-800-233-1067. Check out our Spreader Settings Tool to see the correct application rates for GreenView Fertilizers and Grass Seeds.

The Edgeguard Mini can hold up to 5,000 square feet of lawn products, like fertilizer and seed. With dial settings from 2 to 15, this broadcast spreader can handle a wide range of different sized products. When applying …Hold the biggest particle and select the STA green spreader setting according to it. Ensure the particle can drop from the spreader. If it doesn’t fall easily, the spreader will be blocked by big particles, and you’ll face difficulties. Let’s understand it deeply, along with the topic of how much fertilizer you need for 1000 sq. ft.Among these spreaders, Vigoro offers easy adjustability of the dial by following a simple math equation, while Scotts spreaders are known to feature complex settings. But Scotts spreaders give you extreme precision, you need to spread seeds across your lawn evenly. In contrast, considering the Vigoro spreader settings compared to scotts, Vigoro ...Wear a pair of hand gloves. Choose the required setting for using the Expert Gardener hand spreader. Fill the spreader with the desired seed, sand, and fertilizer. Crank the spreader as you walk around the target area. Clean and dry the spreader after use.Scotts Basic, EdgeGuard (Pro, Mini), Lawn Pro & Standard, 11.5, 11.5 (2 passes) ... Tip: When using a broadcast (rotary) spreader divide the spreader setting in ...This fall I'm aerating and overseeding, and decided to invest in decent seed from Hancock. The problem is I have no idea where to set my spreader (Scotts Edgeguard Pro). I know some manufactures list settings for Scotts' spreaders but Hancock does not.Once that happens, it either disconnects the agitator due to fracturing of the plastic rotating part, or causes the entire assembly underneath to bend. In both cases, the spreader is broken. That rotating part (not the impeller itself) is part of the gearbox, technically, according to Scotts.For a drop style spreader the setting for reseeding is 9.5 and 14.5 for a new lawn or repair of bare spots.Turn the rate control on the spreader to the appropriate setting for your job. per 1,000 square feet, set your Scott's Speedy Green 2000 to 3.75. The application rate for the lawn is 20 lb.

sert pornosu izlechase bank sapulpabb slime shopused four wheel camper hawk craigslist Scotts edgeguard overseeding setting schwinn 101 exercise bike manual [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-7465 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-3315 International Sales 1-800-241-3954 Packages 1-800-800-7877 Representatives 1-800-323-3500 Assistance 1-404-209-9328. Scotts® Spreader Settings: Broadcast/Rotary Spreader Models-Turf Builder Edgeguard ... Scotts® Hand-Held Spreaders Handygreen II, Easy Hand-Held Overseeding -5. mhr switch axe builds Scotts turf builder edgeguard mini overseeding. Scotts turf builder edgeguard mini setting. Use the Scotts® Turf Builder® EdgeGuard® DLX Broadcast Spreader ...Description. Scotts® Elite Spreader is our most advanced and accurate spreader yet! Dual rotors provide increased accuracy and a 6 ft. spread pattern, which means you make less passes across your yard, saving you time. The large hopper holds up to 20,000 sq. ft. of Scotts® lawn product. The ergonomic handle provides comfort, while featuring a ... chevrolet toms river njucdacces If you are using the Sun and Shade mix for overseeding, the best setting is 8 ½. Furthermore, you can even use 9 ½ if your garden is comparatively larger. For new lawns, use 12 ½ or 12. ... , if you want to overseed Scotts Edgeguard Mini Spreader settings conversion chart suggests using 9 ½. However, depending on your lawn, you can tinker ... ofm wasuzuki king quad 300 service manual pdf New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. The Scotts Edgeguard has 14 setting levels for how much you want to disburse and exactly where you want to throw it. This prevents burning or overseeding your lawn. The best thing about it is, when you buy a Scotts product, whether that be fertilizer, seed, or pre emergent, it tells you exactly what setting to use on your broadcast spreader.6 Şub 2023 ... Keywords: spreader, settings, spreader settings, calibrate, correct, Scotts, Earthway, Echo, Lesco. Was this article helpful? Yes No. 0 out of ...Learn what spreader setting you need to properly apply slow-release Milorganite fertilizer. ... Scotts Basic, EdgeGuard (Pro, Mini), Lawn Pro & Standard: 11.5: 11.5 (2 passes) Scotts Delux Edge Control & Speedy Green series: 11.5: 11.5 (2 passes) Scotts Edgemaster: 10.5: